Continued from previous post –
So far, during this brief preview of Church activities we noticed how this institution is gradually shifting from their original stand of rigidness to suit demands of time. That means Church is now guided by laws of evolution same as Hinduism. Freethinking is gaining ground within Church activities. Many clergies openly admit of that. In this new situation what is happening within the Catholic Church we shall see in coming posts. This does not mean the old habits of rigidness are altogether gone. Those habits do pop up their heads and occasionally create dirty scenes within the activities of Roman Catholic Church.
Modern science is playing a big role in this process of converting Church from rigid fanatic force to a more reasonable force that accepts that most ideas of Church are wrong. Position of modern science is getting upper hand over traditional religious beliefs. Concept of God and gods are becoming more scientifically acceptable. On the other side, rigidness of modern scientific attitude of not accepting any idea that is based on spiritualism is slowly diminishing. Catholic Church never had any spiritual status in the past save some show of that attitude. We also notice that Yoga, having proved its usefulness in everyday life, gets more acceptances by new generation people. Under this observation, we shall see what the scene of modern Church of twentieth century is.
Roman Catholic Church in twentieth century -
Roman Question - 1870–1929
The provisional capital of Italy had been Florence since 1865. After defeating the papal forces in 1870, the Italian government moved to the banks of the Tiber a year later. Victor Emmanuel installed himself in the Quirinal Palace. Rome became once again, for the first time in thirteen centuries, the capital city of a united Italy. Rome was unusual among capital cities only in that it contained the power of the Pope and a small parcel of land (Vatican City) beyond national control. This anomaly was not formally resolved until the Lateran pacts of 1929.
The last eight years of his long pontificate (career as a Pope), – the longest in Church history – Pope Pius IX spent as prisoner of the Vatican. Catholics were forbidden to vote or being voted in national elections. However, they were permitted to participate in local elections, where they achieved successes. Pius himself was active, during those years, by creating new diocesan seats and appointing bishops to numerous dioceses, which had been unoccupied for years. Asked if he wanted his successor to follow his Italian policies, the old pontiff replied:
My successor may be inspired by my love to the Church and my wish to do the right thing. Everything changed around me. My system and my policies had their time; I am too old to change direction. This will be the task of my successor.
Continues in next post –
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