Thursday, January 21, 2016

Differences in Hinduism and Brahmanism – 7

7. In similarity 2 we see that Atman is passing into the Pitar (Spirit stage, Ghost) stage and stays in that state until another birth whereas Shakta say only human go into Pitar state as only they have the Atman while other living beings do not go into that state as being without the Atman. Brahman since, think that all living beings have Atman, they all (even trees and microbes) go into the Pitar state. Hinduism says, only Atman has rebirth and Jiva has no rebirth. Jiva dies as body dies. And so Jiva has only one life whereas Atman has several life as it is reborn every time. Brahman differs on that.

8. Belief in the concept of sin is found in both religions but with the difference; Shakta say only Mada (boastfulness) and Matsara (hatred) are responsible for the sin while Brahman say all six defects namely, Kama (desire), Krodha (Anger), Lobha (greed), Moha (illusion), Mada (arrogance) and Matsara (jealousy), are responsible for sin. Shakta says; the other four are actually not defects but source of work that makes the Atman do something. And so one should control them but for Mada and Matsara, they should be completely removed. Brahman say; to remove all the six of them. Shakta believe that these six passions are needed by Jiva to perform its duties to keep the body and sole together and so they are not inimical but Brahman believe they are inimical to Atman anyway. Shakta believe in controlling (moderating) them; Brahman believe in subduing them altogether.

9. Killing of any other living being for food is no sin according to Hindu; because of belief, that other living beings are not having Atman, whereas Brahman since, believe that all living being have Atman, say killing any living being is sin. Brahman belief is against the teaching of Bhagwatgita. See section 23 above. Brahman belief in this context is similar to that of Jain. As they (Brahman) imitate Jains in many arguments. Today's Brahman are deeply influenced by Jain ideology while Hindus are not. Killing for food is permitted by Manusmruti as long as killing is done without pain.

10. Brahman belief says during menstruation period a woman is inauspicious and so not allowed to go near the gods or partake in pujas, sacrament. Prior to Brahmanic influence Hindus did not accept that and even today those Hindus who are not under Brahmanic influence allow women to perform pujas during that period. As we have seen Hinduism does not believe in puritanical approach. Hinduism accepts that no body, however appearing to be pure, is not really pure from within. And that worship of the God is meant for the impure. Hinduism says if you are pure then you do not need a god at all. Why make fuss about women’s impurity? Some suggest that Brahman introduced these practices to deliberately demoralize and marginalize women. Brahmanism is a man's religion while Hinduism belongs to both sexes equally. In many performances woman is important in performing pujas of many goddesses in Hindus. Some goddesses are offered sacrament exclusively by females and men not allowed there.

11. Brahman belief says, a few days after the birth of a child and after a few days of death of a person the related family must keep away from the gods. And they should not perform any pujas in that house. Prior to Brahmanic influence Hindus did not accept that and even today they do not believe in this. Actually birth of a child is celebrated by sacrament of some type in the communities of many Hindus however, after death, obviously for reasons of emotions, for ten days until the last rites to give farewell to the deceased person are performed, pujas are not done. Brahmans make a lot of fuzz about purity and impurity while Hindus are more generous on these subjects.
Differences & similarities in Hinduism and Brahmanism continues in the next post

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