The only available religion for that purpose was Judaism but it already had one, well-groomed priesthood, and to compete with it was not advisable. As Roman Empire collapsed one other Church known as Eastern Orthodox Church, facing similar situation was also in search of some alternative for the same purpose as that of Roman Church. Roman Church had addressed their God, Caesar, Lord and so that epithet continued with Jesus as he replaced Caesar in the Roman Church. That is why Paul mentions Jesus as Lord (1 Corinthian:1: 2, 3). Paul was chief of all priests from Roman Church and he was one of the first to be baptized by Peter in Jerusalem. Later on, he and his companions went to many places in Italy and Turkey (place of Eastern Orthodox Church) to spread the religion in the name of Jesus. Ecumenical literature began with these first baptized priests of Roman Church, which was eventually named Roman Catholic Church. Roman Church finally found the savior in Jesus and so they began to call him Christ, meaning savior for that Church. That epithet continues with him till today.
Corinthian: 1:2 To the church of God in Corinth, to those sanctified in Christ Jesus and called to be his holy people, together with all those everywhere who call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ—their Lord and ours. Practice of calling Jesus 'Lord' or 'King', comes from the practice of calling Caesar since, Caesar was king or lord that continued with Jesus. 2
Corinthian: 1:3 there will be grace and peace to you from God, our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.
After departure of Jesus from the scene his disciples moved to spread message of Jesus, notably St. Paul (1-Corinthian: 1:1, 2) adventured to preach teachings of Jesus to exasperated Roman priests due to fall of their empire. Details are found in many verses in 1-Corinthian and 2-Corinthian. For example, a few are given here.
1-Corinthian: 2: 3 I came to you in weakness with great fear and trembling. [Paul was not sure that he will be received well in Roman community nevertheless, he was received well because his coming was much useful in survival of their Church]
1-Corinthian: 2:4 My message and my preaching were not with wise and persuasive words, but with a demonstration of the Spirit’s power,
1-Corinthian: 2:5 so that, your faith might not rest on human wisdom but on God’s power. [These commends clearly reveal that Roman church was based on human wisdom and not on faith with God. Paul endeavored to change that attitude of Roman Church. He was finally successful in that attempt]
Continues in next post -
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